Back to Home

Constitution Park Pool History

Constitution Park Pool, circa 1939

Swimmers enjoy the Consitution Park Pool in this circa 1939 photo from the Herman and Stacia Miller Photo Collection.

Constitution Park, including the pool, opened to the public on June 25, 1939. Of the total 100 acres on which the park was built, a total of sixty-three acres was donated to the City of Cumberland by Carl Richards and Carl F. Grabenstein in exchange for sewer and water service on a small plot near the park entrance. The park pool was built by WPA (Works Progress Administration) labor, a program that was started by the Roosevelt administration to employ Americans during the Depression. Constitution Park obtained its name through a contest between school children, with the winning name submitted by a seventh grade student, Hume Annan. 


Over 7,000 people attended the grand opening celebration, including over 1,500 “bathers.” Over half of the swimmers were under the age of 16. On that day, adults paid 25 cents, children between the ages of 8 and 16 paid 10 cents, and children under the age of 8 were admitted free of charge.


Of additional interest are the salaries earned by the park staff in 1939. The superintendent earned $100 per month, three life guards were paid $20 per week, four attendants earned $15 per week, 2 lavatory attendants were paid $13 per week, and three watchmen were paid $80 per month.


Since that opening day, Constitution Park has continued under the supervision and maintenance of the City of Cumberland’s Parks and Recreation Department. In 2000, attendance numbered 8,647 students and 2,683 adults . In 2001, the pool underwent a major rehabilitation, funded through Community Development Block Grant funds and a city bond issue. These improvements will ensure that the pool will be available for the same enjoyment for generations to come.